A lack of iron could leave you feeling tired
What is iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anaemia(IDA)?
Your body needs iron to produce a substance called haemoglobin.1 Haemoglobin is formed in your red blood cells and carries oxygen to your organs.1 If your body has a lack of oxygen, you can feel tired and out of breath.2,3 Iron is also important for the production of energy in cells and the functioning of enzymes.1,4,5
What is the difference between ID and IDA?
Iron deficiency can cause symptoms and impair quality of life, even when fully developed anaemia is not yet present.3
Ask your clinic sister about taking the easy-to-use FerriCheck test available at leading pharmacies nationwide
Talk to your Doctor
If you have been feeling fatigued or have any other signs of iron deficiency (ID) you may want to speak to your doctor.
It could be that you are iron deficient.2,9 To get the most out of your visit it is useful to think about the information that the doctor might need in order to work out what is causing your symptoms, such as:
- How long you have felt fatigued and whether it is better or worse after sleeping or exercise
- How your extreme tiredness affects your daily life
- Whether your symptoms appeared after a certain event or change in your life
- Whether you have any risk factors for ID, such as pregnancy, or an underlying inflammatory condition
- What medication you are currently taking10
- What your everyday habits are, including how much alcohol you drink and how much exercise you do10,11
Testing for Iron Deficiency
If you are concerned about your symptoms it is important that you find out with certainty whether ID is the reason.
As well as discussing your symptoms and your medical history, your doctor may want to take a blood sample from you. Different analyses can then be performed on your blood sample. Since ID and eventually iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) occurs in stages, your doctor will need to check:2
- Are you iron deficient?
- Are you anaemic?
Laboratory tests are essential for a proper diagnosis of ID. They are the most informative when multiple measures of iron status are examined. A complete blood count will measure the amount of haemoglobin (Hb) in your blood and identify if you are anaemic. 12 The FerriCheck test is a useful screening tool to check if you are suffering from iron deficiency (ID). It measures your ferritin levels. Ferritin is the biggest iron storage mechanism in the body and provides your body with iron when needed.
How is Iron Deficiency Treated?
You don’t have to accept your symptoms and adjust the way that you live, ID can be treated.
Once your doctor, has done tests and confirmed whether you are iron deficient, they will advise you on the best treatment option. The treatments may include improving the amount of iron in your diet by eating more iron rich foods, or by taking iron in the form of oral iron tablets, or intravenous iron.10,13 It is best to find out from your doctor which treatment is best suited to your specific needs.
Ferrimed® is clinically proven to be effective in the treatment of ID and IDA. 14 It does not interact with most other medicines or food and is well tolerated with limited potential for side effects.14-17 Unlike other iron supplements, Ferrimed® contains ferric iron, which allows the body to absorb only the iron it needs.16 Trust Ferrimed® to supplement your iron needs by preventing or treating ID / IDA.15
- The Problem: about iron deficiency. [Online] [cited 2018 Feb 19]. Available from: URL: https://www.unicef.org/nutrition/23964_iron.html.
- Mayo Clinic. Iron deficiency anemia. [Online] 2016 Nov 11 [cited 2018 Feb 19]. Available from: URL: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355034.
- Auerbach M, Adamson JW. How we diagnose and treat iron deficiency anemia. Am J Hematol 2016;91(1):31-38.
- Phatlhane DV, Zemlin AE, Matsha TE, Hoffman M, Naidoo N, Ichihara K, et al. The iron status of a healthy South African adult population. Clinica Chimica Acta 2016;460:240-245.
- Pourcelot E, Lénon M, Mobilia N, Cahn J-Y, Arnaud J, Fanchon E, et al. Iron for proliferation of cell lines and hematopoietic progenitors: Nailing down the intracellular functional iron concentration. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 2015:1853;1596–
- Tussing-Humphreys L, Pustacioglu C, Nemeth E, Braunschweig C. Rethinking iron regulation and assessment in iron deficiency, anemia of chronic disease, and obesity: introducing hepcidin. J Acad Nutr Diet 2012;112(3):391-400.
- WHO Preventing and controlling iron deficiency anaemia through primary health care – A guide for health administrators and programme managers 2001.
- Miller JL. Iron deficiency anemia: a common and curable disease. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2013;3(7):1-13.
- Patterson AJ, Brown WJ, Powers JR, Roberts CK. Iron deficiency, general health and fatigue: Results from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health. Qual Life Res 2000;9(5):491-497.
- Abbaspour N, Hurrell R, Kelishadi R. Review on iron and its importance for human health. J Res Med Sci 2014;19(2):164-174.
- Peeling P, Dawson B, Goodman C, Landers G, Trinder D. Athletic induced iron deficiency: new insights into the role of inflammation, cytokines and hormones. Eur J Appl Physiol 2008;103:381-391.
- Dean L. Chapter 1. Blood and the cells it contains. Blood Groups Red Cell Antigens 2005:1-6.
- Goddard AF, James MW, McIntyre AS, Scott BB, British Society of Gastroenterology. Guidelines for the management of iron deficiency anaemia. Gut 2011;60(10):1309-1316.
- Geisser P. Safety and efficacy of iron (III)-hydroxide polymaltose complex: A review of over 25 years experience. Arzneimittel-Forschung 2007;57(6a):439-452.
- Burckhardt-Herold S, Klotz J, Funk F, Buchi R, Petrig-Schaffland J, Geisser P. Interactions between iron (III)-hydroxide polymaltose complex and commonly used drugs / simulations and in vitro studies. Arzneimittel-Forschung 2007;57(6a):360-369.
- Geisser P. In vitro studies on interactions of iron salts and complexes with food-stuffs and medicaments. Arzneimittel-Forschung 1990;40(7):754-760.
- Borbolla JR, Cicero RE, Dibildox M, Sotres D, Gutiérrez R. Iron hydroxide polymaltose complex vs iron sulphate in the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia in infants. Revista Mexicana de Pediatria 2000;57(2):63-67.